Bisexuality Wiki
(New page: {{Sexual orientation}} '''Pansexuality''' or '''anthrosexuality''' (''anthro-'' literally meaning human, human sexual) (sometimes referred to as '''omnisexuality'''<ref>[http://dictionary....)
 
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Sexual orientation is an enduring pattern of emotional, romantic, and/or sexual attractions to men, women, both genders, neither gender, or another gender. According to the American Psychological Association sexual orientation also refers to a person’s sense of "personal and social identity based on those attractions, behaviors expressing them, and membership in a community of others who share them." Sexual orientation is usually classified according to the sex or gender of the people who are found sexually attractive. Though people may use other labels, or none at all, sexual orientation is usually discussed in terms of three categories: [[heterosexual]], [[homosexual]], and [[bisexual]]. These orientations exist along a continuum that ranges from exclusive heterosexual to exclusive homosexual, including various forms of bisexuality in-between. Sexologists see this linear scale as an oversimplification of a more nuanced notion of [[sexual identity]].
{{Sexual orientation}}
 
'''Pansexuality''' or '''anthrosexuality''' (''anthro-'' literally meaning human, human sexual) (sometimes referred to as '''omnisexuality'''<ref>[http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/omnisexual The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language] - Fourth Edition. Retrieved [[February 9]], [[2007]], from Dictionary.com website</ref>) is a [[sexual orientation]] characterized by the potential for [[aesthetic]] attraction, [[romantic love]], and/or [[sexual desire]] for people, regardless of their [[gender identity]] or [[sex|biological sex]]. Thus, pansexuality includes potential attraction to people (such as [[transgender]] individuals) who do not fit into the [[gender binary]] of male/female. Some pansexuals suggest that they are [[gender-blind]]; that gender and sex are insignificant or irrelevant in determining whether they will be sexually attracted to others.<ref>Diamond, L., & Butterworth, M. (2008). Questioning gender and sexual identity: Dynamic links over time. ''Sex Roles''. Published online March 29, 2008.</ref>
 
   
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Most definitions of sexual orientation include a psychological component, such as the direction of an individual's erotic desire, or a behavioral component, which focuses on the sex of the individual's sexual partner/s. Some definitions include both components. Some people prefer simply to follow an individual's self-definition or identity.
The word pansexual is derived from the [[Ancient Greek|Greek]] prefix ''pan-'', meaning "all". "All" is specifically in reference to human [[gender]]s. In its simplest form, pansexuality denotes the potential of sexual attraction to all genders. It is intended to negate the idea of two genders (as expressed by ''bi-'').
 
   
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Some scholars of sexology, anthropology and history have argued that social categories such as heterosexual and homosexual are not universal. Different societies may consider other criteria to be more significant than sex, including the respective age of the partners, whether partners assume an active or a passive sexual role, and their social status.
Because ''pan-'' refers only to human genders, and not to sexual practices or people in general, pansexuality does not signify automatic attraction to all people. Similarly, it also does not signify acceptance of all sexual behaviors, such as [[paraphilia]]s (for example, [[incest]], [[bestiality]], or [[necrophilia]]) or [[sexual fetish|fetishes]]. As with more common sexual identities such as [[homosexuality]] and [[heterosexuality]], pansexuality refers to the role of gender in sexual attraction, and not to the role of sexual acts and behaviors.
 
   
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Sexual identity and sexual behavior are closely related to sexual orientation, but they are distinguished, with identity referring to an individual's conception of themselves, behavior referring to actual sexual acts performed by the individual, and orientation referring to "fantasies, attachments and longings." Individuals may or may not express their sexual orientation in their behaviors. People who have a homosexual sexual orientation that does not align with their sexual identity are sometimes referred to as closeted.
The adjective pansexual may also be applied to organizations or events. In this context, the term usually indicates an openness to the involvement of people of all genders and sexual orientations in said organization/event, and not to the pansexual sexual identity.
 
   
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Sexual identity may also be used to describe a person's perception of his or her own sex, rather than sexual orientation. The term sexual preference has a similar meaning to sexual orientation, but is more commonly used outside of scientific circles by people who believe that sexual orientation is, in whole or part, a matter of choice.[citation needed]
==Pansexuality versus bisexuality==
 
The terms "pansexual" and "bisexual" are not [[mutually exclusive]]. Pansexuality is inclusive of bisexuality (attraction to both males and females) but additionally includes attraction to other [[gender]]s and [[sex]]es such as those identifying as [[transgender]], [[genderqueer]], [[bigender]], [[intersexuality|intersex]], or [[genderfuck]].<ref>Haritaworn, Jin, Chin-ju Lin, and Christian Klesse. "Poly/Logue: A Critical Introduction to Polyamory." ''Sexualities'' 9.5 (2006): 515-29.</ref> In this sense, it necessarily rejects the concept of a [[gender binary]], which some bisexuals may not reject. To this end, pansexuality as a concept has been criticized as a "means to skip the binaries and essentialism of 'bi'."<ref>
 
Susan Pell, "[http://thirdspace.ca/articles/pr_pel.htm Inescapable Essentialism: Bisexually-Identified Women's Strategies in the Late 80s and Early 90s]" ''thirdspace'' 2/1 (November 2002): 40 pars.</ref>
 
 
== See also ==
 
{{Portal|Sexuality}}
 
*[[Bisexuality]]
 
*[[Pangender]]
 
*[[Polysexuality]]
 
 
== References ==
 
{{reflist}}
 
 
{{Template group
 
|list =
 
{{Sexual identities}}
 
{{Bisexuality topics}}
 
}}
 
   
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Sexual orientation is a concept that evolved in the industrialized West and there is a controversy as to the universality of its application in other societies/ cultures. As Michel Foucault put it, "'Sexuality' is an invention of the modern state, the industrial revolution, and capitalism." Non-westernized concepts of male sexuality differ essentially from the way sexuality is seen and classified under the system of Sexual Orientation. The validity of the notion of 'sexual orientation' has also been questioned within the industrialized Western society.
 
[[Category:LGBT terms]]
 
[[Category:LGBT terms]]
 
[[Category:Sexual orientation and society]]
 
[[Category:Sexual orientation and society]]

Revision as of 16:30, 7 June 2009

Sexual orientation is an enduring pattern of emotional, romantic, and/or sexual attractions to men, women, both genders, neither gender, or another gender. According to the American Psychological Association sexual orientation also refers to a person’s sense of "personal and social identity based on those attractions, behaviors expressing them, and membership in a community of others who share them." Sexual orientation is usually classified according to the sex or gender of the people who are found sexually attractive. Though people may use other labels, or none at all, sexual orientation is usually discussed in terms of three categories: heterosexual, homosexual, and bisexual. These orientations exist along a continuum that ranges from exclusive heterosexual to exclusive homosexual, including various forms of bisexuality in-between. Sexologists see this linear scale as an oversimplification of a more nuanced notion of sexual identity.

Most definitions of sexual orientation include a psychological component, such as the direction of an individual's erotic desire, or a behavioral component, which focuses on the sex of the individual's sexual partner/s. Some definitions include both components. Some people prefer simply to follow an individual's self-definition or identity.

Some scholars of sexology, anthropology and history have argued that social categories such as heterosexual and homosexual are not universal. Different societies may consider other criteria to be more significant than sex, including the respective age of the partners, whether partners assume an active or a passive sexual role, and their social status.

Sexual identity and sexual behavior are closely related to sexual orientation, but they are distinguished, with identity referring to an individual's conception of themselves, behavior referring to actual sexual acts performed by the individual, and orientation referring to "fantasies, attachments and longings." Individuals may or may not express their sexual orientation in their behaviors. People who have a homosexual sexual orientation that does not align with their sexual identity are sometimes referred to as closeted.

Sexual identity may also be used to describe a person's perception of his or her own sex, rather than sexual orientation. The term sexual preference has a similar meaning to sexual orientation, but is more commonly used outside of scientific circles by people who believe that sexual orientation is, in whole or part, a matter of choice.[citation needed]

Sexual orientation is a concept that evolved in the industrialized West and there is a controversy as to the universality of its application in other societies/ cultures. As Michel Foucault put it, "'Sexuality' is an invention of the modern state, the industrial revolution, and capitalism." Non-westernized concepts of male sexuality differ essentially from the way sexuality is seen and classified under the system of Sexual Orientation. The validity of the notion of 'sexual orientation' has also been questioned within the industrialized Western society.